Marquess of Queensberry Rules

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John Sholto Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry (20 July 1844 - 31 January 1900) was a Scottish nobleman, remembered for lending his name and patronage to the Marquess of Queensberry rules that formed the basis of modern boxing. Formulated by John Graham Chambers, the Rules were first introduced in 1867 when the Queensberry Challenge Cups were competed for by amateur lightweights (130lbs), Middleweights (158lbs) and heavyweights (wearing gloves) at the Lillie Bridge Grounds, Brompton Road, London. As professional boxing with gloves took off in the 1870s the Queensberry Rules gradually replaced the revised London Prize Ring Rules of 1853 that had governed bare-knuckle fighting.