Figg's Academy

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Boxing pioneer James Figg opened his English School of Arms and Art of Self-Defense Academy in 1719 on Tottenham Court Road, London. It closed in 1743. It was also called "Figg's Amphitheatre."

  • His Academy provided for:
    • Wooden rails for ring enclosure
    • An elevated stage platform
    • A referee who officiated outside the ring
    • Sparring exhibitions before bouts
    • The fight being declared over when one man remained standing
    • The sports of cudgeling, fencing and boxing