Naud Junction Pavilion

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Naud Junction, CA, USA

Although Promoter Tom McCarey staged boxing shows at the Pacific Athletic Club Pavilion (also known as the Naud Junction Pavilion) for only about five years (from late 1905 to 1910), it remains a very significant venue in Los Angeles boxing history. It was where the first clearly identified World Championship bouts were staged in the Los Angeles area. Moreover, there would also be a number of significant non-title bouts at the venue.

After staging his last boxing card at Hazard's Pavilion in Los Angeles, California in late 1904, McCarey was looking for a new site. Due to anti-boxing forces and the reliance on public transportation in the city, the new site had to be near trolley lines while not being near residential areas.

Due to the difficulty in finding a new site, it would be about a year before McCarey staged his first card at the Pacific Athletic Club Pavilion, which was located on North Main Street and near a number of trolley lines. The pavilion had a capacity of 6,500, 2,500 more than Hazard's Pavilion.

The first clearly identified World Title bout staged in Los Angeles involved heavyweights. Marvin Hart defended his newly won title against a short, crafty Canadian-born boxer named Tommy Burns. In a scheduled twenty-round bout that went the distance, Burns won the bout handily and received the decision.

An active champion, Burns would make several defenses of his newly won title at the Pacific Athletic Club Pavilion. Moreover, boxing immortals such as Abe Attell and Joe Gans would make title defenses at the pavilion within the next few years.

In late 1907, the Los Angeles City Council passed an ordinance which permitted only no-decision bouts with a maximum of ten scheduled rounds. Such a law limited the ability of McCarey to stage World Championship bouts within the city limits. As a result, there would be efforts by Baron Long and James J. Jeffries to establish the Jeffries Athletic Club in a very small incorporated industrial town named Vernon, which was located a few miles south of downtown Los Angeles. At the time, Vernon allowed bouts scheduled for twenty-five rounds and with decisions rendered by the referees.

Despite operating with such a handicap, McCarey would continue to have quite a bit of success staging boxing shows at his pavilion in Naud Junction. Meanwhile, the Jeffries A.C. had only one notable financial success when it staged the second bout between Stanley Ketchel and Billy Papke with Ketchel's World Middleweight Title at stake. Papke would stop Ketchel and win the title, but Ketchell would regain the title in a later bout with Papke. But losses from other promotions apparently forced the Jeffries A.C. to go out of business in early 1909.

In early 1910, McCarey made arrangements to stage a bout between Sam Langford and Fireman Jim Flynn in Vernon. It would be the first main event staged in an open-air arena by McCarey. Moreover, substantial footage of this bout still exists to this day.

Although he would stage other boxing shows in Vernon in 1910, McCarey also staged some boxing shows in the Pacific Athletic Club Pavilion. However, the Los Angeles City Council would pass a more restrictive boxing ordinance and McCarey would start staging cards in Vernon exclusively starting in 1911.

Source: Los Angeles Times

- Chuck Johnston, International Boxing Research Organization Member & BoxRec Editor